Nihilism | Definition of Nihilism by Merriam-Webster

 

nihilism in literature

Dec 08,  · Legacy, Nihilism and Literature. I’ve reared a fame outlasting brass, Which in its more than kingly height. Shall Egypt’s Pyramids surpass, Unharmed by countless seasons’ flight. The wasting rain, the North wind’s rage, On it shall leave no lasting trace, Nor shall it e’er grow dim with age. In Russian literature, nihilism was probably first used by N.I. Nadezhdin, in an article in the Messenger of Europe, in which he applied it to Aleksandr Pushkin. Nadezhdin, as did V.V. Bervi in , equated nihilism with skepticism. Raskolnikov replies that he doesn’t believe in an afterlife, Svidrigailov’s “other worlds.” Raskolnikov’s belief that no life exists outside of the body and his rejection of the idea of a soul represent a nihilistic viewpoint. Nihilism favors a strict materialism, a belief that .


Russian nihilist movement - Wikipedia


The term was famously used by Friedrich Nietzsche to describe the disintegration of traditional morality in Western society. In the 20th century, nihilism encompassed a variety of philosophical and aesthetic stances that, in one sense or another, nihilism in literature, denied the existence of genuine moral nihilism in literature or values, rejected the possibility of knowledge or communication, and asserted the ultimate meaninglessness or purposelessness of life or of the universe.

The term is an old one, applied to certain heretics in the Middle Ages. In Russian literaturenihilism was probably first used by N. Nadezhdin, in an article in nihilism in literature Messenger of Europein which he applied it to Aleksandr Pushkin. Nadezhdin, as did V, nihilism in literature. Bervi inequated nihilism with skepticism. Mikhail Nikiforovich Katkova well-known conservative journalist who interpreted nihilism as synonymous with revolutionpresented it as a social menace because of its negation of all moral principles.

It was Ivan Turgenevin his celebrated novel Fathers and Sonswho popularized the term through the figure of Bazarov the nihilist.

The philosophy of nihilism then began to be associated nihilism in literature with the regicide of Alexander II and the political terror that was employed by those active at the time in clandestine organizations opposed to absolutism. If to the conservative elements the nihilists were the curse of the time, to the liberals such as N. Chernyshevsky they represented a mere transitory factor in the development of national thought—a stage in the struggle for individual freedom—and a true spirit of the rebellious young generation.

In his novel What Is to Be Done? Similarly, in his Memoirs, Prince Peter Kropotkinthe leading Russian anarchist, defined nihilism as the symbol of struggle against all forms of tyrannyhypocrisy, and artificiality and for individual freedom. Fundamentally, 19th-century nihilism represented a philosophy of negation of all forms nihilism in literature aestheticism; it advocated utilitarianism and scientific rationalism.

Classical philosophical systems were rejected entirely. Nihilism represented a crude form of positivism and materialisma revolt against the established social order; it negated all authority exercised by the state, by the church, or by the family.

It based its belief on nothing but scientific truth; science would be the solution of all social problems. All evils, nihilism in literature, nihilists believed, derived from a single source—ignorance—which science alone would overcome. The thinking of 19th-century nihilists was profoundly influenced by philosophers, scientists, and historians such as Ludwig Feuerbachnihilism in literature, Charles DarwinHenry Buckle, and Herbert Spencer.

Since nihilists denied the duality of human beings as a combination of body and soulof spiritual and material substance, they came into violent conflict with ecclesiastical authorities. Since nihilists questioned the doctrine of the divine right of kingsthey came into similar conflict with secular authorities. Article Media. Info Print Cite, nihilism in literature. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

Still another source is the nihilism of the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky, who, in his novels, nihilism in literature, presented human beings as continually defeated as a result of their choices and as continually placed before the insoluble enigma of themselves, nihilism in literature.

As a consequence of the diversity of such sources, existentialist doctrines focus…. He thought of the age in which he lived as one of passive nihilism, that is, as an age that was not yet aware that religious…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

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nihilism | Definition & History | cordreowebsa.tk

 

nihilism in literature

 

Dec 08,  · Legacy, Nihilism and Literature. I’ve reared a fame outlasting brass, Which in its more than kingly height. Shall Egypt’s Pyramids surpass, Unharmed by countless seasons’ flight. The wasting rain, the North wind’s rage, On it shall leave no lasting trace, Nor shall it e’er grow dim with age. Nihilism and Literature Derived from the Latin word nihil, which means “nothing”; it appears in the verb “annihilate,” meaning to bring to nothing, to destroy completely. Early in the. In Russian literature, nihilism was probably first used by N.I. Nadezhdin, in an article in the Messenger of Europe, in which he applied it to Aleksandr Pushkin. Nadezhdin, as did V.V. Bervi in , equated nihilism with skepticism.